Diabetes can lead to other problems that affect your whole body, including your eyes. This is called diabetic retinopathy. Diabetic retinopathy is a disease of the retina, which is the thin layer of tissue that lines the back of your eye and transfers what you see to your brain
The first stage of the disease involves the blood vessels in your eyes, which weaken and leak blood into your eyes. If this blood leaks into the center of your eye, you will have blurry vision. Your body will try to compensate by making new blood vessels, but those new vessels are also weak, allowing more blood to leak into your eye. Your eye might also form scar tissue, which causes the retina to move away from your eyes and can lead to legal blindness.
Without treatment, diabetic retinopathy usually continues to get worse, especially if your diabetes is not under control. For this reason, we recommend regular check-ups to monitor your eyes. If you have diabetes, diabetic retinopathy may be affecting your eyes long before you experience symptoms, which makes it even more important to have your eyes examined regularly.